L’autonomie chez Kant

L’autonomie, dans la philosophie morale d’Emmanuel Kant, est le fait de se donner à soi-même sa propre loi.

L’autonomie s’oppose donc à l’hétéronomie, qui renvoie à une loi extérieure ou transcendante, et à l’anarchie qui caractérise le refus de toute loi.

Autonomie vs Hétéronomie morale

L’autonomie est la notion fondamentale de la morale de Kant : lorsqu’un individu agit sans principes, c’est qu’il n’a point de scrupules (anarchie morale). Lorsque la loi lui est imposée du dehors, la conduite droite n’a aucune valeur morale : l’individu ne fait qu’obéir (hétéronomie morale).

C’est seulement lorsque l’individu s’impose à lui-même une loi qu’il agit moralement. En outre, il réalise ainsi sa liberté, qui ne peut se réaliser dans le vide, mais seulement par “l’intermédiaire de la loi”.


  • quel est le depasemnt de levinas a la morale de kant ou quel est la relation qui les lie

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